Author: Isaac Evans

Energy As A Weapon: A Cause And Consequence Of Nord Stream 2

Last month’s U.S.-German agreement to allow for the completion of Nord Stream 2 involved a German pledge of national and E.U.-level sanctions against Russia if the state deploys the natural gas pipeline to “use energy as a weapon or launch further aggressive acts against Ukraine.” Published on July 21st, the

Read More »

Russia To Leave Treaty On Open Skies

Russia has given official notice that it will leave the Treaty on Open Skies in six months, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced on Friday 18 June. The decision follows the U.S. withdrawal last year, reaffirmed by President Biden upon taking office, which Moscow claims “significantly upset the balance of interests”

Read More »

Russia Conducts Non-Nuclear Tests, Adhering To UN Treaty

On 6 June 2021, the Russian Defence Ministry announced that experiments are currently being conducted at Novaya Zemlya, the nuclear weapons test site in the Arctic Ocean. Major-General Igor Kolensikov, Head of the Defence Ministry’s 12th General Directorate, told the TV channel Zvezda that the tests are ‘non-nuclear’ – also

Read More »

Ingushetia And The Rehabilitation Of Repressed People

Amidst the extraordinary whirlwind of events that heralded the collapse of the Soviet Union, a law was passed in Moscow which reverberated into the distant reaches of the soon-to-be-formed Russian Federation. The statute ‘On the Rehabilitation of Repressed Peoples,’ signed on April 29th 1991, has been described by human rights

Read More »

Moldova’s Geopolitical Impasse Reanimated Before Snap Election

Although the question of Moldova’s identity has plagued it since it gained statehood at the fall of the Soviet Union, the recent escalation of tensions between its neighbour Ukraine and Russia has served as a reminder of the stakes involved. Moscow was unwilling to let Ukraine pivot towards NATO, and may be similarly loath to see Moldova align itself more closely with the EU.

Read More »

The U.K. Defence Review: A Nuclear Weapons “Credibility” Paradox

The U.K. government has announced plans to reverse 30 years of gradual nuclear disarmament in its Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy, published on 16th March. Increasing the self-imposed limit on Trident nuclear warheads, from 180 to 260, is perhaps the policy document’s most eye-catching decision, though

Read More »