Author: Callum Reeves

A Look Back At The Haitian Earthquakes Legacy Of Aid

The magnitude 7.0 earthquake that shook Haiti in 2010 devastated the poor Caribbean nation already crippled by decades of political instability. The François and Jean-Claude Duvalier’s dictatorships, followed by a mixed bag of corrupt, inefficient government coup d’états and rising poverty, stripped any political stability that would have ensured continued

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Pakistan Supports Its Most Vulnerable During COVID-19

The Pakistani government’s Ehsaas Emergency Cash Policy (EECP) aims to limit the economic hardship placed on the several million Pakistanis who work in the informal and daily wage sectors of the Pakistani economy and who often lack the finances and monetary assets to afford the essentials, even during stable times

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Corruption Cripples Yemen

The war in Yemen is perhaps the most barbaric and open proxy war currently being fought in the world.  It’s now into its fifth year and has devastated an already weak health system, characterized by low levels of access and financial protection. Pre-war health statistics show that half of the

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Mexico’s Escalation On The War On Drugs

It seems that President of Mexico Andrés Manuel López Obrador has already recognized the systemic failure of his ‘ Hugs not Bullets’ campaign that made international headlines and brought condemnation from security experts and Mexico’s deep-pocketed American backers. The question now remains how a government whose most notable international effort

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The Impact Of Mexico’s “Hugs Not Bullets” Campaign

Despite Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s best efforts to combat the cartel influence through peaceful means, the continuing rise in deaths and the shocking rise in cartel displays of power has meant that the policy of de-escalation and appeasement, that the President’s 2018 electoral policy “Hugs, not Bullets” was based

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Iraq Elects New Prime Minister

The political turmoil of Iraq entered a new stage of protests on Sunday, February 2nd, 2020 as the Iraqi president appointed Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi to the role of Prime Minister. This appointment was met with anger and frustration by the now veteran protesters, who have occupied several large squares in

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PMC’s In Libya

The rise in grey warfare through the utilisation of Non-state Actors and Private Military Contractors (PMC) has both lowered the barriers of entry for waging war, to wealthy non-state actors and militarily or economically weaker nations so by providing a sense of impunity through deniable action to larger nations seeking

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Initial Causes of United States-Iranian Escalation

Tensions between Iranian backed political organizations and the United States escalated on Monday the 30th of December after the US launched drone attacks on members of the Kataib Hezbollah in Iraq and Syria in what is described by a senior US state department official as a “defensive action”. This attack

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What Shall We Do With NATO?

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) conference on 3-4 December 2019 was intended to be a celebration of the treaty’s 70 years of existence. However, it has been seen by many as just the latest in the line of academic and policy arguments which provide further justification for Western Europe

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Chinese Escalation Of Literature Censorship

It is time to make readjustment to Li Yinhe’s well-known quotation of Chinese censorship. During an interview by New York Review of Books, Li states “There are two main criteria for banning books or censoring. One is black and one is yellow. Black are political issues stating you’re opposing the

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Sudanese Peace Talks Progress To The Next Stage

The Sudanese government has extended a major ceasefire agreement with the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) which may mark the beginning of the end for fighting that has ravaged the impoverished Sudanese people since 1983. The treaty, initially signed early September, aimed at creating a diplomatic path for the integration of

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NATO’s Shifting Doctrine

On the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the world is being forced to look upon both the past successes and future difficulties that both the organisation and its member states will have to face in the next 70 years. The rise of great power competition, and

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Daesh’s Resurgence Along The Turkey-Syria Border.

The Turkish offensive on the 9th of October 2019 against the Kurdish Syrian Defence Forces (SDF), called “Operation Peace Spring” has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis in the Rojava region in Northeast Syria. The Turkish government has given direct and indirect support to senior ISIS members since Ankara’s invasion and greatly

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Turkey Backing Jihadist Militias

The offensive perpetrated by the Turkish Military Forces against the Kurdish Syrian Defense Forces (SDF) launched on 9 October 2019 has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis in the region and given extensive support to Islamic militias. Since this invasion, various news organizations have reported that the Turkish effort to create a

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