In continuation of the previous article investigating the Syrian Civil War, this article will examine the Syrian Civil War through the lens of the Al-Assad regime. Due to the recent developments this week of the Syrian Civil War, specifically through the escalation of the enclave within the East Ghouta region, reported by the BBC and the Washington Post, the Syrian government has done little to manage or deescalate the ever threatening situation. On March 15th, the Syrian nation entered its 8th year of civil war, with the current casualties standing at 400,000 deaths, 4.5 million refugee’s and 6.1 million people internally displaced within the country.
The progression of the civil war was marked decisively through the speeches of 2013, as President Al-Assad explained to the nation in January that, ‘We are now in a state of war in every sense of the word, …This war targets Syria using a handful of Syrians and many foreigners. Thus, this is a war to defend the nation.’ Similarly, in the same year, the complexities of the regime were further developed through a series of events in August, whereby the American’s alleged the Al-Assad government to be responsible for the use of Sarin gas against its own people. Former American president Barack Obama explained in a speech the same year that ‘a series of peaceful protests against the repressive regime of Bashar al-Assad has turned into a brutal civil war…Assad’s government gassed to death over a thousand people, including hundreds of children…(and that it was) a crime against humanity, and a violation of the laws of war.’
The callous nature of the Al-Assad regime in his theories and action strategies implemented to manage the current civil war is a clear futile attempt to enforce his failed system of governance. The inhumane treatment of the regimes citizens, regardless of age, gender or context creates a civil-military milieu of anger, hatred and rebellion against the government system. The death, oppression and injustice which is thus occurring in Syria and experienced by millions of people, therefore, creates a clear index to the government for the inadequacy and hypocrisy of Al-Assad regime which must be addressed.
Further escalation of the regimes conflict is explored through the events of 2016, whereby reports were published by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, that the Syrian government was accountable for the use of chemical weapons during attacks in Talmenes (2014), Sarmin (2015) and Aleppo (2016). The OPCW in the report further accused the government of using chlorine gas and other various chemical weapons in order to subdue and control the Rebel forces. In the following year of 2017, further chemical weapons were utilized in attacks against the Rebel forces, and specifically within the Idlib province during which the Syrian government was alleged to have used sarin gas to kill dozens of innocent civilians.
The multifaceted nature of the Al-Assad regime and his political, military and social approach to the management of both Rebel and civilian parties creates a clear index to the globalized world highlighting his motives, values and understandings of humanitarian affairs. As such, due to the long-standing enclave within the East Ghouta region, the urgent need for intervention, of both humanitarian and political organizations must be pressed in order to preserve human life. In conclusion from these reports, the repetitive use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government on their own people creates a clear message to the globalized world of the value, sanctity and understanding President Al- Assad places on human life.