Syrian War

The Turkish military has deployed troops to Idlib to monitor the 2017 deescalation conflict. Following the agreement brokered by Turkey and Russia that has been repeatedly violated, it was hoped that the agreement would avert a government assault. The UN said this threatened to create the humanitarian catastrophe of 21st century. It is reported by the state media that there are no causalities. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a U.K. based monitory group, reported that at least thirteen soldiers were killed by Turkish forces in idlib and neighboring Lataka and Hama provinces. There have been threats from the Turkish President to use military force if the situation does not return to normal quickly. According to the humanitarian officials, most of the Syrian refugees are being hosted by Turkey, despite its president claiming that it would not be able to handle a fresh influx of displaced people. The majority of which are women and children. Currently, the security official reports claim that there were intermittent clashes between the Turkish and Syrian troops around major towns. The activists are also claiming that civilians and civilian infrastructures are being attacked, despite that the government and Russia’s government insist that they are only targeting Jihadist militants.

“Turkey will not let Syria’s government gain more ground in the opposition stronghold of Idlib province,” Turkish president said. Recep Erdogan added that “Russian backed pro-government forces were driving innocent and grieving people in Idlib towards our borders.” Mr. Erdogan was quoted saying, “Turkey and Russia who back opposing sides in Syria’s nine year civil war, should seek to resolve their differences.” He concluded by giving hope that they will sit down and discuss everything. Following the humanitarian affairs, a spokesperson for UN office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, told reporters that “many of the displaced have left with nothing, but clothes on their back and what they could pile onto ramshackle vehicles.” The spokesperson concluded by saying that “they urgently need shelter, food, water, sanitation support, health support, emergency education and, not least, protection.”

Syria is said to have began its war in March, 2011. With major unrest in Damascus and Allepo regions, this war is fought by different factions: Syrian Armed forces and its international allies and a loose alliance of mostly Sunni opposition rebel groups, including free Syrian Army and Salafi Jihadist groups. Why did the war begin? Well it began with demonstrations similar to other demos in Arab countries, which have been called the Arab spring. The protesters demanded that President Bashar-Al Assad’s reign should come to an end. It was in 2013 when Hezbollah entered the war in support of Syrian Army. This was a conflict between its long serving government and those seeking to boot it out of office. The Assad family has held power since 1971.

Civil war that raged in Syria over nine years seems to be drawing to a close. The Syrian regime, back in July of 2018, regained control of southern part of country including the towns, where the revolts began. Also, back in December of 2018, Donald Trump announced his decision to withdraw U.S troops from Syria. Meanwhile, external military intervention including provision of arms and military equipment, training, airstrikes and even troops in support of proxies in Syria threatens to prolong the conflict. Outside actors, continuing to operate in proximity to one another complicate the civil war and raise concerns over a unintended escalation of ongoing violence and conflicts. These actors could also be responsible for facilitating the resurgence of terrorist groups.

Rhoda Nduku
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