Decades after 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, to the north and the pro-western Republic of Korea to the South, led to the death of over 5 million soldiers and civilian lives during the war (1950-1953). However, one should recall that this invasion was the first military action of the cold war. America was the sole country backing South Korea in their mission to bring down the forces of international communism by working anxiously to fashion some sort of armistice with the North Koreans. They feared the outbreak of a wider war with Russia and China. Though many political scientists described this war as being brief and caused by the spread of communism in Korea, it is interesting to know that the violence of the war explains the national division that exists today.
In recent times the two head of states, Kim Jong-un of North Korea and Moon Jae-in of South Korea, called for a new Korean summit which is to be held in the Inter-Korean peace House on April 27, 2018. If it goes ahead, it will be known as the third inter-Korean summit. The first in eleven years and the first time a North Korean leader enters South Korean territory. During this summit, ideas will be tilted towards the North Korean nuclear weapons program and the denuclearization of both the Koreas. The international community welcomes this summit and Donald Trump, the current American president said, “[the] U.S.-North Korea summit should have been held a long time ago to help reduce tension and incitation in the region. After several attempts to convince the North Korean leader to stop the launching of ballistic missile, Nuclear weapon program, and the North Korean rights issues, Kim finally agree to have a joint meeting with his step brothers from South Korea.
In addition, although the issues surrounding North Korean human rights are very important and necessary, as stipulated by more than 200 NGO’s who called for inclusion of North Korean human rights issues, it is disappointing that these issues will not be discuss at the summit. This is due to the main, urgent agenda regarding denuclearization and establishment of peace on the Korean peninsula, focusing on thereby, improving the inter-Korean relations for mutual benefit.
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