Recently, in September 2018, President Trump attempted to start a peaceful conversation on a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This began with Israel and Palestine, with others such as the UN Middle East Envoy and European countries speaking in support of the solution. CBC News reports that Israeli and Palestinian have agreed to continue similar talks with certain requirements of land rights. Those supporting this solution include the United States, reported by CBC News as saying that if the solution is not accepted there will be no end to the war.
Israel believes that their state belongs to the Jewish community, whereas, Palestine believes that Israelis have occupied their land and taken over their capital. This has led to years of war, causing many refugees, unlawful attacks and many deaths on both sides.
The conflict between the two groups is complex. Citizens, scholars, and educators all have different opinions on how the conflict arose and why it continues. Many have also proposed solutions. However, there is no easy answer. For instance, with President Trump’s two-state solution, who should own what land? As both parties claim Jerusalem as their capital, could it be the capital of both? Where would third countries’ embassies be? And how can an agreement be reached if they cannot even maintain a ceasefire?
CBC News claims that Prime Minister Netanyahu has certain guidelines for a peace agreement, including that Palestine must recognize and accept Israel as the state of the Jewish people and remove all military forces. However, many believe that will only cause more violence. Additionally, Nabil-Abu Rdainah, a spokesperson for President Abbas of Palestine stated that issues such as borders, settlements, security and so on must be resolved before anything is signed. It is important to note that the problems continue because both the Prime Minister of Israel and President of Palestine have not had a proper conversation of the core issues. Both speak to media, but not to one another. Paving a peaceful future begins with leaders of the countries conversing, accepting wrongs committed and then moving forward. In other words, the middleman needs to be removed, the leaders must sit down and begin a mutual campaign of peace. Further, the tension between the two parties fails to discuss the security of people residing in the state. The talks on the two-state solution only emphasize the wants of the parties involved and hardly address the need for an inclusive, peaceful negotiation.
For both parties to come together, there needs to be open dialogue between the Prime Minister of Israel and the President of Palestine. Firstly, it is important to note that this conflict has been occurring for decades and an outsider’s perspective may undermine the issues that both parties take to heart. In this conflict, peace can only be obtained through a long-term agreement with a goal in mind for both leaders. This can only be done if both parties agree not to attack one another, and violence stops between citizens as well as between government and citizen. Thus, both military groups must work together. If not, some military officials may turn a blind eye against citizens attacking other citizens.
The leaders should work on addressing and settling the refugee issues before any land is divided. Infrastructure and support towards the refugee problem will ease the tension between the communities by giving them a prosperous future to look forward to. If refugees are taken care of and jobs are available, a sense of security will form, calming any hard feelings. Lastly, one of the most important issues of the two-state solution is the conversation on land ownership. This may be looked through a historical lens, which is problematic. One solution is to let the people decide which areas of land are most significant to them. This way citizens can voice their opinions and if there is internal disagreement, their leaders can address that. This is better than creating further conflict that pits Jews against Muslims. With the leaders working side by side to build security and freedom, tensions can be eased, and the conflict possibly ended, possible resulting in both countries being fully recognized. It all begins with the leaders showing unity and demonstrating compassion for their actions.
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