Cameroon’s population is estimated at 23,636,676 in 2016, which is against a 2.51% increase from the year before (2015). Like most of the countries situated in Sub Saharan Africa, the United Republic of Cameroon gained its independence January 1, 1960 with Ahmadou Ahidjo being the first President of the nation. Cameroon today, is best known as Africa in miniature due to it’s rich potentials, soil, man power and cultural diversity. Um Nyobe, E.M.L Endeley, Andre Marie Mbida, Rudolf Duala Manga Bell and many others have immortalised their names in Cameroon history and have left Cameroon full of hope, prosperity, peace and enthusiasm. Under the auspices of its first President Ahmadou Ahidjo the country experienced massive growth, industrialisation, and an atmosphere of peace and tranquillity. In November 1982, Ahidjo resign from the office of the President and choose to be the party leader after being in power from 5th May, 1960 to 6th November, 1982. However, he chose Paul Biya to replace him and instruct him to continue from where he stopped in the rebuilding of a nation that was greatly exploited by the colonial master (France). After President Biya took office on the 6th of November, 1982, he completely changed the face of the country politics, economy, and administration.
For over three decades now, President Biya has been in power and has not thought to relinquish it even in the near future as most African leaders do. Biya, like some of his African counterparts, has decided to eternalise himself in power and does not think of any alternation in government. He appoints and dismisses at will and has heavily contributed in thwarting the face of the country’s constitution to suit his own interest. It has also been widely shown that President Biya hides behind the word democracy to easily perpetuate his evil deeds throughout the mass violation of human right and human dignity. Under the leadership of President Biya the country has experienced massive corruption and bribery, looters of state fund, killings, imprisonment of political leaders, and a huge violations of freedom of speech. The informative power of the media has been reduced to nothing while the regime of Biya continues to make people live in constant fear. But, at the same time, this regime makes it known to the world that Cameroon is a peaceful nation. The question opinion leaders must ask themselves is whether peace can reign in a nation where there are no hospitals, no schools, no clean drinking water, no roads, and a total negligence of the Biya’s system. Can peace reign in a nation where meritocracy is no longer the order of the day (favouritism)? Where any attempt to speak up against the regime will end you a holiday in prison?
Recently, common law lawyers took to the streets to express their feeling of the dictatorial regime in October 11, protesting against what they termed the government’s disregard for the common law but as usual the government has maintained a deaf ear to their grievances. From the above analysis it will be important to ask ourselves the question as to whether Biya can guarantee sustainable peace in Cameroon.
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