Mali has experienced its second coup in a year. The army decided to take over the country by force and detained the President and Prime Minister, Bah Ndaw and Moctar Ouane, respectively. The two governing personnel were part of the interim government that was established after the first military coup in August last year. While being detained, they both resigned from their positions. They are now released from detention. The coup leader, Colonel Assimi Goita became the new interim President and appointed Choguel Kokalla Maiga as Prime Minster. The international community was displeased with the vigorous change that rapidly occurred and has begun to take action.
The African Union decided that it is best to suspend Mali’s membership as it currently stands. This was not the first time that Mali got ousted, as in August 2020 a similar event occurred when the first coup took place, but Mali became a member again after a civilian-led transitional government was appointed. The African Union’s Peace and Security Council said that they will “immediately suspend the Republic of Mali from participation in all activities of the African Union, its organs and institutions until normal constitutional order has been restored in the country.” This suspension was echoed by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) bodies and similar demands for guarantees were made for the decision to be reversed. France has also suspended joint military operations until a civilian-led government is appointed.
A big financial burden that Mali faces is a suspension of payments from the World Bank. The International Development Association (IDA) has a financing plan to supplement Mali with $1.5 billion for projects. Those projects are crucial for the improvement of infrastructure and the quality of life of citizens. For example, in March $80 Million was pledged to improve the quality of education in the country. Four million individuals could have benefited from the project.
The political unrest in Mali is a threat to the country and its people. Two coups within a year are uncommon occurrences in the globe within our modern history. The repercussions that are currently imposed on the country serve the purpose of pressuring the military to move to a civilian-led government and adopt a democratic path. The question is, what will happen to the Malian people in the meantime? There are no guarantees or deadlines at the moment. The shadow of uncertainty looms over the country, while the international community and the nation await the fate of this ambiguous situation.