The Current crisis in Cameroon is deadlock. There is no dialogue between the two conflicting groups, who are both being rigid, to give ground. The government is completely dependant on military victory and is ignore the talks that the separatists demand. Sine this friction has been ongoing since several months of clashes, many have been killed, and many others displaced, while some have fled to foreign countries. The most affected by these clashes are women and children. Given the situation, some local groups and local organizations are also emerging to promote dialogue in order to find a solution to the current crisis.
According to reports, there are several factors contributing to the crisis in these regions. Firstly, this is a country with two languages, those being French and English as the official languages. The language split is derived from Cameron’s colonial and post-colonial history. This was after the first world war when Germany’s defeat led to a split of Cameroon, between two leagues of Nation Mandate. Secondly, it’s due to protests and disquiet. Though the country has both French and English speaking regions, the English speaking regions have always felt marginalized. As the protests grow in scale, the crisis has further deepened, prompting a heavy crackdown on protesters by security forces, which has led to an escalation in widespread violence.
Since 2014, Boko Haram’s insurgency has wreaked havoc in the far northern region of Cameroon. As the country grapples with challenges, a newly and poorly understood crisis is unfolding, in the country. Both in the northwestern and southwestern regions. Social-political crisis in Cameroon started back in the year 2016, in the Anglophone northwestern and southwestern regions. The two regions had gotten into armed conflict. At the end of 2017, several militia groups were formed in most rural areas. The security forces eventually intervened, however, since then, they have not been able to regain full control over rural areas or even prevent repeated separatists attacks in the towns.
NRC, Norwegian Refugee Council, with offices in both these regions, is responding to the crisis, working with partners such as local NGO’s, and local churches. NRC works by identifying displaced people in both regions and their surroundings. They are striving to provide the affected people kits containing household items, as well as shelter and hygiene packs. Meanwhile, to break the deadlock, Cameroonian and international forces should put pressurize the government and separatists into sitting across the table and finding concrete solutions to the increasing conflict. Both sides must explore compromise solutions, aimed at long-lasting peace in Cameroon.