Flooding In Bangladesh And How It Is Effecting Rohingya Refugees

It is no secret to the international community that Rohingya Muslims in Bangladesh are facing a humanitarian crisis, as well as an active attempt of ethnic cleansing. Along with these pressing issues, flooding in Bangladesh in the last week has added to the displacement of thousands of these individuals. According to the United Nations and other officials, “[H]eavy monsoon rains” caused “landslides and flash floods in refugee camps.” This displaced thousands of Rohingya Muslims in Bangladesh’s southeastern region. Aljazeera reported at least six Rohingya, three children, perished due to landslides and flooding. More than 200,000 are stranded due to the flooding in Cox’s Bazar. The flooding and landslides have caused severe damage to the crowded and poorly funded camps, leaving thousands stranded.

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), stated that 21,000 refugees have been affected by the flooding and landslides in Bangladesh. An estimated 4,000 shelters were damaged and Aljazeera reported that over “13,000 were forced to relocate in the camps, while thousands of facilities” including health clinics and toilets were damaged.” Along with damage to these facilities, there was destruction of roads, bridges and other means of transportation for these individuals.

According to Aljazeera, a Rohingya by the name of Rokeya Begum spoke about the current crisis, “I have never seen such flooding… in four years. When the water came, there was nobody from my family at home to help.” She further described the flooding and current state of Bangladesh as a nightmare. This is not just the case for Begum. Numerous refugees, many being large families with young children, have been forced to flee their homes because of severe flooding and mud. Many are actively seeking safety in other homes and camps nearby.

Since August of 2017, the Rohingya people forcibly fled a humanitarian crisis, military violence and what many UN officials are calling an active genocide. The international community has since questioned if this group, which has been displaced since 2017, will ever be able to return home. Many wonder if they will ever see life outside of a refugee camp. Cox’s Bazar is home to one of the Rohingya’s largest camps and it has taken a large hit due to the landslides. Without help from the international community and neighboring countries, the damage to this camp could continue displacing the thousands of displaced individuals that already live there.

The Rohingya people are no stranger to displacement, as they have been forced to leave their homes due to several challenges from Bangladesh’s government. With that being said, the current state of the country is no help to the horrible conditions that many inhabit. This environmental crisis has added to the list of concerns that these refugees must overcome. It is up to the international community, human rights groups, the UN and UNHCR to provide support and put pressure on Bangladesh’s government to ensure the safety of the Rohingya people. 


Yemen, The Largest Humanitarian Crisis In The World

In the past, Yemen was a prosperous developing country suffused with economical and societal riches. Yemen’s roots in the development and distribution of internationally admired goods like coffee and gold date back centuries, which served as a reliable foundation for growth across much of its existence. However, over time it became apparent that Yemen’s unique capabilities would not prove to be an efficient protective mechanism against the travesties of humanity’s inner workings. Slowly, due to international involvement and rivaling political parties intervening with the nation’s societal welfare, the peace that Yemenis embraced for many years was beginning to dissolve into a thing of the past.
2015: The Ignition to Civil Turmoil
In 2004, the United States pushed the president of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to concentrate on combating a terrorist group known as Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). In response, Yemen’s military force backed by Saudi Arabia launched multiple strikes against a group known as Houthis, who Saleh alleged were creating a dynamic of separatism ,enforcing their religious beliefs on the country’s people and operating in collusion with AQAP. This created a severe rift between the most prominent religious parties in the nation, which established a hostile environment for the state of Yemen and all of its citizens. The trend towards a civil war, indicated by this long standing atmosphere of tension and conflict finally came to a precipice 11 years later. In February of 2015, the Houthi rebellion finally reached the place of power that it desired by forcing Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi (then leader of Yemen, and technically still president of the nation today) and his cabinet to flee to Saudi Arabia, leaving the Houthis essentially in control of the state and all of its facilities. Just a month later, the Saudi Arabian military set the goals of its military intervention to reverse the nation back into the authority of the Hadi government and retain governance over Sana’a, the capital of Yemen. Ever since, these two factions have fought relentlessly for control over the nation, which once gave off a lustrous tint of optimism, but after seemingly endless warfare it has been reduced to a pile of debris and a living case study of how a society can collapse under the pressures of greed, religious opposition, and the corruption of foreign affairs.

The Current State of the Humanitarian Crisis
The civil war in Yemen has decreased the living conditions of its people to a terrifying level. With no resolution in sight, Yemeni people are faced with a situation where optimism for a brighter future seems more like an act of dreaming than a mental reflection of reality. In recent weeks, famine conditions caused by blockades on the borders of the nation and massive economic downfall rivaling famous events on global markets like the Great Depression have reached virality in an increased amount of regions around Yemen. It is estimated that nearly 2.3 million children under the age of five in Yemen are projected to suffer from acute malnutrition and could die if they do not receive urgent treatment. Along with mass starvation, the nationwide warfare has resulted in the displacement of approximately 4 million people, and the killing of over 100 000 people since 2015. These numbers give shocking insight into the sheer magnitude of this humanitarian crisis, and with important political figures like the U.S. President Joe Biden recently announcing reductions in international affairs including the civil war in Yemen, it is difficult to perceive a future where Yemeni citizens will be able to go back to the things they love. An individual can only enjoy the level of happiness that their society’s living conditions permits them to, and unfortunately for the Yemeni people, the likelihood of that ever getting back to a point of admiration remains shrouded in mystery.

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