Bosnia & Herzegovina


Migrants Facing Oppressive, Systematic And Violent Resistance On The Croatian Boarder

Overwhelming evidence of Croatian police exercising unnecessary and unprovoked violence towards migrants has made this ongoing issue hard to ignore. Therefore, why are the UN and EU continuing to praise and fund this inhumane method of patrolling the longest land border in the European Union? The answer to this question […]


At The Brink Of Humanitarian Crisis: Vučjak Migrant Camp, Bosnia and Herzegovina

On 21st October, water distribution and garbage collection were cut at the Vučjak migrant camp in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. This action was taken by the Mayor of the north-western city of Bihać to put pressure on central government to re-locate migrants who gather on the border with Croatia. But […]


Republika Srpska Withdraws Plans For A Controversial Reservist Police Force In Bosnia And Herzegovina 2

The Serb-dominated entity of Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina has announced a withdrawal of plans to establish a new reservist police force amid concerns over the historical context of reservist forces in the country and widespread criticism from Bosnian Muslims and Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Western allies.  During the Bosnian […]


In Splintered Bosnia-Herzegovina, Its Recent Elections Reveal Deep Divisions in the Balkans

Recent elections in Bosnia-Herzegovina have revealed a nation and a region that remain deeply divided.  The election results for Bosnia’s presidency express the bitter ethnic tensions between the three dominant ethnic groups—Bosnian Croats, Bosniaks, and Bosnian Serbs.  In elections for the three-person presidency, in which each of these ethnic groups […]


UN Peacekeeping And Sexual Assault: Where Are We Now?

It has been over a year since the re-introduction of the zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse, an issue that has long been rife within the United Nations (UN). Stemming from a resolution adopted on March 10, 2017, the policy stresses the importance of states holding perpetrators accountable, particularly […]


Women And War: Lessons From The Brutality Of India’s Partition

As India and Pakistan mark the 70th anniversary of partition this year, the violent legacy of the period continues to enflame relations between the two nations. What was then seen as a battle over land caused by religious differences after independence, also became a battle over women’s ‘honour’ – an […]


Bosnia Still Denies Justice To Victims Of Sexual War Crimes

During the Bosnian War, thousands of women and girls were subjected to sexual violence, and the majority have yet to see justice. The Bosnian War was an armed conflict that took place between 1992 and 1995, resulting in over 100,000 deaths. Though wars throughout history are typically accompanied by rape, […]


Geopolitics Returns To The Balkans: EU Instability And Russian Involvement Threaten The Region’s Fragile Peace

While the European Union has been hit by one existential crisis after another – from Brexit to Greek debt to the refugee crisis to the rise of far-right to Eurosceptic xenophobic political parties – nationalist and inter-ethnic tensions have been steadily rumbling in the western Balkans. More than twenty years […]


Permanent Peace In Serbia: Russia, Kosovo, Republika Srpska, And The Right To Self Determination

After being silent for several years, tensions in the Balkans have risen again. After the completion of a train line from Belgrade to the ethnic Serbian town of Mitrovica in Kosovo, Serbia sent a train emblazoned with the words “Kosovo Is Serbia”. In response, the Kosovar government sent soldiers to […]


Ratko Mladić’s Prosecution To Bring Long Awaited Peace And Justice

  As the trial for notorious Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladić, comes to a close after a lengthy five-year trial, survivors, victim’s families, and the prosecution are calling for a life sentence. Anything less, lawyers are saying would be an ‘insult to his victims.’ Mladić is being accused of […]


War Crimes Arrests Reignites The Fight For A Third Entity In Bosnia

The International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) set up to trial war crimes committed in the region during the 1990s has outlined the aim of ending impunity and paving a clear path for reconciliation for the Former Yugoslav states. A clear non-violent strategy that aimed to ensure peace for […]


Ethnic Tensions Rise In Bosnia Herzegovina Following A Nationalist Driven Referendum

The autonomous Serb Republic, housed within the borders of Bosnia Herzegovina led by President Milorad Dodik, defied a Constitutional Court decision to cancel a controversial referendum at the end of September, this year. The referendum concerned the celebration of January the 9th as the Day of the Serb Republic (RS), […]


International Concern Over Miscarriage Of Justice As 36 Executed In Iraq

Iraq has faced criticism from human rights groups this week following the hanging executions of 36 people. The 36 men were hanged on Sunday the 21st of August, after they were found guilty of involvement in the 2014 Speicher massacre, in which up to 1,700 Shi’ite military recruits were slaughtered […]


Responsibility to Protect and the UN Security Council: An Outdated Preventive Doctrine

Almost five years have passed and the United Nations has estimated that more than 250,000 people have been killed since the Syrian conflict began, which includes 500 children, according to UNICEF.  United Nations Security Council, the guardian of world peace and stability, has not only failed to prevent the war […]


NATO Contesting Russian Influence In The Balkans

  NATO is incrementally winning the political war in the Balkans whilst Russian rhetoric is perpetually defensive man-oeuvres to maintain its relevance. Serbia, probably Russia’s strongest in the Balkans, has initiated a small but potentially massive cooperative pact with NATO Support Procurement Organization (NSPO). The agreement would broaden Serbian participation in multinational […]