Crisis Index

The Sinai Islamist Insurgency

Overview A rather tranquil and sparsely populated area for much of the 90s, the Sinai Peninsula is increasingly becoming a hotbed for insurgent activities. Groups allied to either al-Qaida or Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) have been mounted an insurgency movement that has caused the deaths of thousands, […]

Rohingya Refugee Crisis

Overview The Rohingya people have been present in Myanmar since the twelfth century; however, they have traditionally been viewed as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. As such, they have never been awarded any form of citizenship rights, as have been awarded to 135 other ethnic minorities in Myanmar as a result […]

Boko Haram Insurgency

Overview In less than two decades, Boko Haram has transformed itself to a force that predominately operated in Northern Nigeria to a group that has terrorised, caused devastation and a humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, i.e. Nigeria, Chad, Niger, and Cameroon. In fact, Boko Haram, whose official name […]

Somali Civil War

Overview The Somali Conflict is a multifaceted dispute triggered by the fall of President Said Barre regime on 27 January 1991. General Barre’s dictatorship was synonymous with extreme brutality, suppression of opposition groups, both nationalistic and Islamic, and exacerbation of interclan rivalries (clannism).  By 1988, the dissatisfaction with the government […]

Syrian Civil War

Overview Since its independence from France, Syria has had a long history of internal turmoil due to reasons ranging from socioeconomic challenges, widening income inequality, concentration of power in the ruling elites, oppression of political and civic rights, and geopolitical tensions.  The secular Ba’ath Party seized power through a publicly […]

Yemeni Civil War

Overview   Yemen, also known as the Republic of Yemen, lies on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula and is no stranger to conflict. While the current Yemeni Civil War has been in full force since 2015, the country has a history of civil conflict – not the least […]

South China Sea Dispute

Overview National pride, military ambition, historic and symbolic attachments and trillions of dollars-worth of trade have led to a fierce territorial dispute currently being fought among seven claimants—Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan,  Vietnam and Indonesia—over the South China Sea. The rich and bountiful oil reserves hidden in those waters […]

South Sudan Civil War

Overview The world’s newest country, South Sudan, has been embroiled in a civil war since December 2013. The conflict erupted following a split in the governing Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) party between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and then Vice President Riek Machar. Due to the monopoly of […]

Israel-Palestine Conflict

Overview Disclaimer: This is by no means a detailed account of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and is intended merely as a descriptive overview. For a discussion on the events and facts mentioned in the below overview, please reach out to the Middle East Crisis Regional Advisor.  The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is about […]

Mexican Drug War

Overview The Mexican Drug War primarily refers to the conflict between the Mexican government and the drug cartels of Mexico, which began in 2006 and continues today. Mexican cartels have been the primary traffickers of illicit drugs into the United States for many years, and as various cartels’ power grew, […]