Author: Larry Cruz

Armenia-Azerbaijan Relations Remain Uneasy, But Carefully Improving

Since the six-week-long war between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region in 2020, the Russian-brokered ceasefire of November 2020 continues to hold, barring the occasional exchange of fire. However, much of the uneasy peace is contingent on cooperation from both sides and Russian mediation to prevent the deterioration of

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Serbia-Kosovo Relations: From a License Plate Dispute to an Open Conflict?

A dispute over national license plate recognition between Serbia and Kosovo has escalated into a troubling situation involving border protests and military presence. Kosovo-Serbia tensions are not unprecedented. Both nations diverge in their views on Kosovo’s status as a country. This disagreement fulminated in the Kosovo War of the late

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The Effect Of The Foreign Agents Legislation On Russian Media

In 2012, Russian authorities enacted the “Foreign Agents” legislation. The law stated that any entity that receives funding from sources outside the country or that is engaged in “political activity” according to the Russian government, is considered a “foreign agent”. Since 2012, the legislation has been modified to include more

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At-Risk Migrants: Political Tools In The European Union

Several states from the European Union, including neighboring Poland, Estonia, and Lithuania, have accused Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko of illegally sending migrants into the E.U. The group claims that Lukashenko is acting in retaliation to the bloc’s sanctions over the disputed Belarusian presidential election of 2020, making migrants his political

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Kosovo’s New President Has Major Crises To Take On

Kosovo elected reformist lawyer Vjosa Osmani as its new president in early April. President Osmani will serve alongside Prime Minister Albin Kurti as part of the ruling Vetëvendosje party, a reformist social-democratic organization. However, Kosovo is currently facing several challenges, ranging from a public health crisis to unresolved disputes with

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Turkish Women Protest Femicide And Violence Trends

Despite a pandemic and unwelcoming circumstances, women’s decades-long struggle to achieve more rights and equal status in Turkish society continues. During this year’s International Women’s Day, Turkish women took to the streets to protest worrisome femicide trends, discrimination, and a lack of representation in higher office. Despite police pushing back

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Scotland’s Bid For Independence Vote Faces Large Challenges

In pursuing a second independence referendum, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon of the Scottish National Party (SNP) is facing large challenges that may upend any plans of holding it in the near future. These challenges include the global public health crisis and hesitation from the United Kingdom to allow a second

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