Author: Gonzalo Bartolomé

North Korea’s Nuclear Seismic Wave

North Korea has confirmed nuclear testing suspicions after foreign geological agencies reported two earthquakes in the country. Bordering cities in China felt the tremor that lasted several seconds, followed by an aftershock. The seismic wave was also felt along the Russian coast near Vladivostok. Today, seismologists from Japan and U.S.

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Iranians Vote For Reform

Last May 19th, Iranians voted for more political and individual freedoms, and bridges with the international community in the presidential elections. Iran’s incumbent President Hassan Rouhani has won a landslide victory in last Friday presidential elections. Officials results show a decisive victory, garnering the 57%of the vote for the 38%

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Iranian Presidential Elections: An Overview

On May 19th, Iran holds a Presidential Election deemed as critical for the future of the Islamic Republic. There is a lot at stake as this election will determine whether the path of normalization within the international arena is going to continue. In addition, the Presidential Election is especially important

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Post-Truth: The Falsehood Behind The Truth

The so-called ‘post-truth’ era has become a fundamental element in shaping the international landscape of relations in recent years. Brexit and the polemical US Presidential Elections set the course for post-truth to be selected as 2016’s international word of the year. Once upon a time, ‘true’ or ‘false’ were the

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Operation Conquest: Mosul Offensive Continues

The operation to recapture the key northern Iraqi city of Mosul from ISIS’s control is ongoing since last October. The coalition formed by Iraqi, Kurdish peshmerga troops and Shia militias with the support of US air strikes captured the eastern side of Mosul in January, completing the fist phase in

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Romania Says No To Corruption

Anti-government protests have flooded the streets of Romanian main cities throughout the last three weeks. The cause of the extraordinary demonstrations is a legislative package that was presented in mid-January. As stated by the government, the package was aimed to solve overcrowding in prisons across the country, but according to

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Obama’s Foreign Policy Legacy

The approaching end of the Obama administration has led to high records of approval ratings and widespread support for the outgoing president, probably as with all presidents it will rise over time. But popularity these days is a rather frivolous concept. Barack Obama took office at a time when international

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Yemen: A Humanitarian Catastrophe

A group of aid organisations have reported that seven million people are starving to death in Yemen. The Disasters Emergency Committee, which includes organisations such as Oxfam, British Red Cross and Save the Children, has presented shocking figures drawing an utterly critical situation. In addition, UNICEF reported last week that

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Too Many Walls, Not Enough Bridges

“I will build a great, great wall on our southern border, and I will make Mexico pay for that wall. Mark my words.” That was one of the main pledges of President-elect, Donald Trump during his campaign. The controversial promise has probably made more headlines than any other topic during

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Mosul Offensive: An Overview

The operation to recapture the key northern Iraqi city of Mosul from ISIL’s control is now underway. Last October 17th around 30,000 coalition forces started the advance towards the last stronghold of ISIL in Iraq. Operation Conquest (AKA Operation Fatah) is probably the largest military operation on Iraqi soil since

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Understanding The Yemen Conflict: The Saudi-led Coalition.

Yemen has traditionally been absent from the international media and remains unknown for a large part of the global population. Moreover, the rise of ISIL and the Syrian conflict have further eclipsed the Yemeni Crisis. In order to shed light on the matter, the latest data from the United Nations Office for

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Understanding The Yemen Conflict: The Houthi Revolution

It is fundamental in order to understand the conflict of Yemen to have an overview of the history and geography of Yemen, one of the cradles of civilisation. The history of the country is as rich and complex as the region itself. Today’s Yemen is the consequence of European colonialism,

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Taliban Leader Allegedly Killed in US Drone Strike

  On May 21, US military conducted a strike targeting Mullah Akhtar Mansoor “in a remote area of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region” southwest of the Pakistani town of Ahmad Wal, according to a statement from the US Department of Defense. The mission authorised by President Obama took place at 3 pm

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Kabul Hit by Taliban: 28 Killed and Hundreds Injured

  The deadliest attack in Afghanistan since 2011 leaves at least 28 killed and more than 300 injured in Kabul. A Taliban suicide bomber blew up a vehicle packed with hundreds of kilograms of explosives around 9 am local time this past Tuesday, near the headquarters of a military unit.

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XXI Century Challenges (VI): How To Win The Peace

Terrorism has framed a great part of the international context from the beginning of the century until today, it has been the invisible enemy the world engage in war repeatedly. However, terrorism is neither definable within geographical boundaries nor is it within traditional moulds of rationality. The number of deaths

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XXI Century Challenges (V): The Strategy Of ISIL

  In the 6th century BC, renowned strategist Sun Tzu stated, “Know thy self, know thy enemy. A thousand battles, a thousand victories”. To bring peace and non violence solutions in order to achieve the victory, it is a prerequisite to acquire an adequate knowledge of the enemies of human

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XXI Century Challenges (IV): ISIL Origins And Expansion

  The successful story of the Islamic State has perplexed many in recent years, but its existence is not new. The group has existed under various names and shapes since the early 1990s, the latter name is Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). As mentioned in previous report,

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XXI Century Challenges (III): War On Terror

On September 20th, 2001, George W. Bush coined the term “war on terror” after the 9/11 atrocities. The term became the policy of the U.S. for the first decade of the century. Last November, President Hollande analogously called the Paris attacks ”an act of war”. During the last decade the

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XXI Century Challenges (II): Trends In Terrorism

  Since 2000, the world has witnessed a change of trends in terrorism. Although the core principles on which terrorism is based have not shifted, there has been a remodelling of patterns, such as geographic activity, methods of attack, organisations involved, as well as the national economic and political context.

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XXI Century Challenges (I): Terrorism And Asymmetric Warfare

  Since 2000, acts of terrorism have proliferated throughout the world and there has been a change in the trends of terrorism. For example, according to the last Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report from the Institute for Economics and Peace, since the beginning of the century, terrorist activity has increased

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