A recent NASA report confirms September 2017 as the fourth warmest September in the modern temperature record history. In fact, September 2017 was 0.80 degrees Celsius higher than the mean temperature in September between 1951 and 1980. This figure was close to that of the warmest months of September (September 2016 and 2014, with +0.87 degrees Celsius) on record.
Over the years, it has been obvious to the international community that climate change has led to devastating consequences. According to The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a series of published research evidence indicates that the net costs of this global issue are likely to increase continually. This includes significant observations of glacial melt, and reduced sea ice level – which accelerated sea level rise and increased the intensity of heat waves. At the same time, there are certain changes in plant and animal habitat ranges, as well as flowering period. These observations suggest adverse effects in the near future, including more frequent wildfires, more lasting drought in several regions, and more intense storms in tropical areas. Such issues negatively affect agriculture, coastlines, fresh water supplies, the provision of natural resources, human health and living conditions, and the development of economy within a single country or throughout the world, according to the Washington State Department of Ecology.
As a result, it is vitally important and necessary to deal with the global climate change problem as soon as possible. Considering the source of the issue, changing climate results from rising levels of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere such as methane and carbon dioxide. While short-term variation of the climate is normal, the extended increase cannot be ignored any longer.
Fortunately, attempts to reduce green house gas emissions have been made. For instance, governments in the Washington state has applied active policies to reduce energy use and build a clean energy economy, working with the Washington State Department of Ecology. However, more cooperation is necessary. United Nations Secretary General António Guterres claimed, “countries are successfully reducing emissions and building resilience to climate change, but getting to the level of action needed to reach the global goals set in Paris two years ago will require a huge leap in the flow of financing and investment for implementing the National Determined Contributions”. He also added that, the global society is expected to view the changing climate problem as an urgent issue, especially with respect to Small Islands Nations. Regarding these, he and Jim Yong Kim, the World Bank Group President, announced plans to facilitate the flow of funds and finance for actions focusing on the changing climate, which can provide a new platform for the purpose of identifying and assisting in transformation investments in developing countries, according to the statement by the World Bank.
The climate change issue has existed for years. In modern day, issues still arise concerning carbon emission trading between and within developing and developed countries. In order to achieve active and peaceful progress globally, various strata of people including world and business leaders, civil society, as well as state and city representatives need to coordinate and act with in the interest of future generations.