North Korea


 

“I think the issue of North Korea is one where the international community as a whole has to work to resolve the crisis.”
– Helen Clark

 

 

                       Facts:

      Where:

               North Korea

      Population:

               25.4 million

      Prisoners:

              200,000; most are citizens of North                   Korea

      Nuclear capability:

              Believed to be able to miniaturize                       nuclear warheads to fit on ICBM                        missiles

      Intercontinental ballistic missile range:

               Claim to be able to reach anywhere                    in the United States

                 Overview

Human Rights Watch has called North Koreans “some of the world’s most brutalized people” due to restrictions against their political and economic freedoms. North Korea has strained international relationships with many countries, including South Korea, with whom many attempts at reunion of the states have been made, all resulting in failure. Currently, North Korea is accelerating its nuclear weapons program in response to South Korea’s unveiling of their THAAD defense system, which North Korea opposes. North Korea is at odds with not only South Korea over its nuclear program, but also Japan and the United States. The United Nations has also imposed sanctions against North Korea due to its refusal to halt its nuclear development.

                 Key Actors:

  • North Korea has rescinded peaceful talks with South Korea and is also antagonistic with the United States and Japan due to their nuclear program and their refusal to denuclearize
  • South Korea borders North Korea, who they split with in 1945 and have since been adversaries. South Korea is allied with the U.S.A, who assist in military training and drills.
  • The United States supports South Korea and is attempting to force North Korea into de-nuclearization
  • The United Nations imposed increased sanctions against North Korea in an attempt to persuade its de-nuclearization as its missile tests increased in 2017

 

                                                 Timeline:

  • 1945 – End of WWII, Korean territory taken from Japan by Allied forces
  • 1948 – Free elections held in the US-occupied south of Korea results in the creation of the Republic of Korea; North Korea becomes the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea founded by Kim Il-Sung
  • 1993 – North Korea threatens to quit the nuclear non-proliferation treaty but later withdrawals this threat.
  • 1994 – Kim Jong-Il takes power after the death of his father, Kim Il-Sung
  • 11 January, 2003 – North Korea withdraws from the nuclear nonproliferation treaty
  • 10 February, 2005 – North Korea announces that they have attained nuclear weapons.
  • 9 October, 2006 – North Korea conducts an underground nuclear test.
  • 25 February, 2008 – South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak takes office and introduces hard-line strategy of relations with North Korea over the issue of nuclear demilitarization
  • 30 January, 2009 – North Korea ends peace agreements with South Korea
  • 23 February, 2009 – North Korea deploys additional ballistic missiles
  • 23 November, 2010 – North Korea attacks Yeonpyeong Island, killing 4 South Koreans and injuring an additional 19
  • 28 December, 2011 – Kim Jong-Un takes power following his father’s state funeral
  • 17 October, 2013 – South Korea asks the United States Pentagon for information concerning the Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) system in the interests of defence against North Korean nuclear missiles
  • July, 2016 – South Korea and the United States agree to employ the THAAD system in South Korea for defence against North Korean missile attacks
  • 6 March, 2017 – North Korea launches 4 missiles toward the sea of Japan, 3 into Japan’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ)
  • 2 May, 2017 – THAAD system fully operational in South Korea
  • 4 July, 2017 – North Korea tests an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that can, North Korea claims, reach “anywhere in the world” (which experts believe to be unlikely) which landed in the waters of the Japanese exclusive economic zone
  • 28 July, 2017 – North Korea launches a test ICBM allegedly capable of reaching Los Angeles, California
  • 3 September, 2017 – North Korea claims to have successfully tested a thermonuclear bomb
  • 19 September, 2017 – United States President Donald Trump claims that the United States could “destroy” North Korea if forced to defend itself or its allies
  • 20 September, 2017 – North Korea dismisses President Trump’s threats, likening them to the sound of “a dog barking”
  • 25 September, 2017 – North Korean foreign minister accuses the United States of declaring war against North Korea (false), and claims it has the right to shoot down United States bombers
  • 8 November, 2017 – North Korea accuses the United States of threatening them with “nuclear aircraft carriers and strategic bombers”
  • January 2018 – North and South Korea agree to hold high-level talks, the first of its kind for more than two years. The north also agrees to send a delegation of officials and athletes to that month’s Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.
  • February 2018 – Donald Trump announces the “largest ever” sanctions package against North Korea. The latter nevertheless says that it is willing to start direct talks with America.
  • 5 March, 2018 – A meeting takes place between a high-ranking South Korean delegation and Kim Jong-un during a historic visit by the South Koreans to Pyongyang
  • 6 March, 2018 – North Korea, it is announced, is willing to discuss denuclearization if it can begin direct talks with the U.S. Kim Jong-un is also said to be scheduled to meet his South Korean counterpart in April, in the first summit of its kind in more than a decade
  • 8 March, 2018 – Donald Trump accepts the invitation from North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, to hold historic talks to discuss North Korea’s nuclear and missile program. An exact time and location yet to be determined.
  • 25 March, 2018 – North Korean leader Kim Jong-un makes an unannounced visit to Beijing, China, in what is his first foreign visit since taking power in 2011.

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