Bosnia & Herzegovina


In Splintered Bosnia-Herzegovina, Its Recent Elections Reveal Deep Divisions in the Balkans

Recent elections in Bosnia-Herzegovina have revealed a nation and a region that remain deeply divided.  The election results for Bosnia’s presidency express the bitter ethnic tensions between the three dominant ethnic groups—Bosnian Croats, Bosniaks, and Bosnian Serbs.  In elections for the three-person presidency, in which each of these ethnic groups […]


Refugees Suffering Police Brutality At The Bosnian-Croatian Border

Croatian police forces have denied allegations of physically and verbally abusing refugees at the Bosnian-Croatian border amidst numerous claims made by refugees. As a member of the European Union, the abuse sheds light on the issue of the lack of accountability and responsibility that some European states play in the […]


UN Peacekeeping And Sexual Assault: Where Are We Now?

It has been over a year since the re-introduction of the zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse, an issue that has long been rife within the United Nations (UN). Stemming from a resolution adopted on March 10, 2017, the policy stresses the importance of states holding perpetrators accountable, particularly […]


Remember The Holocaust – Memory Is What Shapes Us

During the Second World War, six to twenty million Jews died because of anti-Semitism. In Rwanda, there were 800,000 to two million people, mainly Tutsis, slaughtered within 100 days, where 500,000 women were raped. According to medical reports, two-thirds of women tested positive for HIV after the genocide. Meanwhile, in […]


Women And War: Lessons From The Brutality Of India’s Partition

As India and Pakistan mark the 70th anniversary of partition this year, the violent legacy of the period continues to enflame relations between the two nations. What was then seen as a battle over land caused by religious differences after independence, also became a battle over women’s ‘honour’ – an […]


Bosnia Still Denies Justice To Victims Of Sexual War Crimes

During the Bosnian War, thousands of women and girls were subjected to sexual violence, and the majority have yet to see justice. The Bosnian War was an armed conflict that took place between 1992 and 1995, resulting in over 100,000 deaths. Though wars throughout history are typically accompanied by rape, […]


Geopolitics Returns To The Balkans: EU Instability And Russian Involvement Threaten The Region’s Fragile Peace

While the European Union has been hit by one existential crisis after another – from Brexit to Greek debt to the refugee crisis to the rise of far-right to Eurosceptic xenophobic political parties – nationalist and inter-ethnic tensions have been steadily rumbling in the western Balkans. More than twenty years […]


Permanent Peace In Serbia: Russia, Kosovo, Republika Srpska, And The Right To Self Determination

After being silent for several years, tensions in the Balkans have risen again. After the completion of a train line from Belgrade to the ethnic Serbian town of Mitrovica in Kosovo, Serbia sent a train emblazoned with the words “Kosovo Is Serbia”. In response, the Kosovar government sent soldiers to […]


Ratko Mladić’s Prosecution To Bring Long Awaited Peace And Justice

  As the trial for notorious Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladić, comes to a close after a lengthy five-year trial, survivors, victim’s families, and the prosecution are calling for a life sentence. Anything less, lawyers are saying would be an ‘insult to his victims.’ Mladić is being accused of […]


War Crimes Arrests Reignites The Fight For A Third Entity In Bosnia

The International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) set up to trial war crimes committed in the region during the 1990s has outlined the aim of ending impunity and paving a clear path for reconciliation for the Former Yugoslav states. A clear non-violent strategy that aimed to ensure peace for […]