Thomas Gray


About Thomas Gray

Tom Gray is a political risk analyst who focuses primarily on sub-Saharan Africa. He graduated from the University of Cambridge with a MPhil in African Studies. His interests and experience is in humanitarian intervention, African peacebuilding and approaches to conflict prevention, and the African Union.


Sub-Saharan Africa In The Post-Brexit Era: Improving Security Through Trade

The Brexit referendum revealed the polarization of British politics, the increasing resistance to a centralized London economy, and to a greater extent the centralization of politics in Westminster. The domestic concerns and opportunities behind the UK’s future departure from the EU and its single market are widely discussed, but what does it mean […]


President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Referendum Victory: Why It Is Bad For Turkish Democracy

In one sense, a referendum is democratic in its purest form: a vote for every person with the majority determining the outcome. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s announced victory on 17 April 2017 for an executive presidency is quite the opposite. Turkey was called to vote in a referendum on whether […]


President Trump’s New Directive for Somalia

President Donald Trump’s new directive, signed on 30 March, will relax the rules of combat in Somalia for US airstrikes and ground raids. While the directive was meant to increase the pressure on the East African jihadist fundamentalist group, al-Shabaab, this relaxation will increase the risk of civilian casualties and […]


An African Approach To The War On Islamist Militancy

Boko Haram continues its terror campaign in Nigeria, Borno State, with four suicide bombers in Maiduguri on March 15th. The bombers killed themselves and two others, with 16 injured in total. The same day, armed Boko Haram insurgents attack the Magumeri community in the Magumeri Local Government Area, killing an undisclosed number of […]


Peacekeeping In Africa: The Importance Of The African Union

Africa often evokes images of political turbulence, economic crises, impoverishment, and conflict. In contrast to the continent’s high expectations post-independence, there is currently a culture of rising domestic and international frustrations. In the words of former Nigerian President Olusegun Obsanjo, these frustrations result from Africa being the “theatre for more […]


South Africa, Nigeria, And Xenophobia: An Ongoing Crisis

Once a symbol of African solidarity, non-racial discrimination, prosperity, and job prospects, South Africa has fallen into xenophobic sentiment once again. Riots targeting foreign-owned businesses have been followed by violent clashes and random beatings with security forces dispersed and armed with rubber bullets, water cannons, and riot gear. In 2008, more […]


Perversions Of Peacekeeping In The Central African Republic

The United Nations’ (UN) Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) and corresponding French peacekeeping operations in the Central African Republic (CAR) have received a new wave of discredit after a French court decided in January not to bring charges against French soldiers accused of sexual abuse […]