Philippa Payne


About Philippa Payne

I am a student of English Literature and History at the University of Manchester. I hold the belief that peace and peaceful relations can be best achieved through education, reason and the written word. I hope that my work will educate me as much as it will educate others.

Power Outages In Argentina And Uruguay – A New Kind Of Humanitarian Crisis?

Early on 16 June, a power outage in Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, parts of Paraguay, and southern Brazil, was felt by over 48 million people. Both Argentina and Uruguay were left in darkness until supply began to return in the early afternoon. While the power failure was reportedly due to a […]


Why Is Kazakhstan’s Snap Presidential Election Considered Undemocratic?

Following the resignation of Kazakhstan’s former president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, in March, a snap presidential election was called to determine the country’s future leadership. But election day, held on 9th June, was met with unprecedented levels of popular resistance for a country where legislation delegitimises freedom of protest. Around 100 protestors […]


Jerusalem: Increased Tensions on Last Friday of Ramadan and ‘Jerusalem Day’

The final Friday of Ramadan has seen evidence of the unrelenting conflict between Israeli and Palestinian cultures in the city of Jerusalem. Regional news outlets reported around 260,000 Muslim worshippers came together to pray ‘peacefully’ at the Al-Aqsa Mosque on 31 May. The event was supposedly facilitated by Israeli security […]


Dozens Of Civilians Killed By Militia In Central African Republic

At least 34 civilians have been left dead and many more wounded following attacks made by armed groups on villages in the northwest of the Central African Republic on 21st May. The attacks, which took place in villages belonging to the Ouham-Pendé Prefecture, were carried out by the rebel militia […]


‘Porteadoras’ Suffer Exploitation And Violence On The Border Between Morocco And Spain’s North African Enclaves

Every day on the border between Morocco and Spain’s North African enclaves Melilla and Ceuta, thousands of women act as porters – known locally as ‘porteadoras’ – to transport huge packages to trading points in Morocco. A tax loophole means that anything that can be carried by hand is exempt […]


Parliamentary Election and Post-Election Violence Threaten Democracy in Benin

Since April 28, Benin has been facing escalating violence and protest amid calls for a more democratic rerun of the parliamentary election. This election saw a dramatically low turnout of 23% following an intensification of electoral requirements, which left only two political parties – the Union Progressiste and the Bloc […]


“Le Pouvoir”: How Corruption, Anti-Riot Forces And Control Of The Media Are Curtailing Freedom In Algeria

On the eighth week of protests against the Algerian establishment known as “Le Pouvoir”, several obstacles remain in the path to democratic freedoms. Whilst protests have been largely peaceful in nature, those of the 12th April saw increased tensions between protestors and police. This follows both an intensification in police […]