Ruby Leonard


About Ruby Leonard

Ruby studied at Victoria University of Wellington, where she received a Masters degree in International Relations.

The Third Revolution In Warfare: Autonomous Weapons & Modern Conflict

The prospect of fully autonomous weapons systems (AWS), or ‘killer robots’ in armed conflict has once again captured the attention of scientists, organizations, and policy-makers this month, spurring renewed international discussion. Early this month, artificial intelligence (AI) experts from 30 countries announced a boycott of the South Korean university, Korea […]


The Oxfam Scandal

The British charity organization Oxfam, and the humanitarian world, at large, is reeling this week after revelations that Oxfam failed to respond accordingly during an investigation into several employees’ alleged illegal procurement of women and girls for sex while stationed in Haiti in 2011. Seven staff in various positions in […]


Ugandan Refugee Aid Officials Under Investigation

It was revealed last week that the Ugandan government is investigating an apparent mismanagement of funds intended for the 1.4 million refugees currently in the East African nation, who have fled violence and persecution from South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Burundi. The commissioner for refugees for Uganda, […]


Cameroon: The Internet As A Weapon Of Oppression

The Anglophone regions of the Central African nation of Cameroon are currently in their fourth month of an internet shutdown, the latest instance in a rising trend of leaderships using their citizen’s access to cyberspace as a tool of oppression and control. Last week the digital freedom NGO’s Access Now […]


US Border Patrol Agents Vs. Humanitarian Workers

Last week, eight volunteers of the Tuscon-based humanitarian group No More Deaths, an organisation working to protect the lives of migrants crossing the Arizona desert into the US, were charged with federal crimes. Their offences included entering the Cabeza Prieta national wildlife refuge without a permit, driving in the area, […]


New Accusations Of Sexual Assault And Harassment Within The United Nations

Investigations published by the Guardian last Thursday have revealed a prevalence of sexual harassment and assault among United Nations (UN) staff, exposing a ‘culture of impunity’ and raising serious concerns about the UN’s current response to such incidences within the organization. 15 current and previous employees have claimed they experienced some […]


Iran And Saudi Arabia’s Gender Reform Rivalry

As traditional political and religious tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia intensify, it seems a new rivalry has emerged as both states race to ease respective government restrictions of women’s rights. Saudi Arabia has long been considered more repressive towards women than Iran; however, policy reform in recent years, including women […]